§38 Archieus


(0038) Text: Ἀρχιεὺς ὁ ἐπὶ Ἀγρίππ- | ου βασιλέος γε- | νόμενος κεντ- | υρίων δεκαοκ- | τὼ ἔτους ἐπὶ | Τραιανοῦ στρατη- | γὸν δέκα.

Translation: Archieus, who was a centurion under King Agrippa eighteen years and was a general ten years under Trajan. (Trans. Christopher B. Zeichmann)

Commentary: Archieus is an otherwise unattested name (see Gracey). Like other soldiers, he served in the army of Agrippa II until Batanaea was annexed after the king’s death, whereupon he became a commissioned officer in the Roman army. It is interesting to note that Archieus was uninformed of Trajan’s death, attributing a decade-long reign to the late emperor who died in the ninth year of his reign.

Provenience: Batanaea (The Hauran or Jabal al-Druze, Syria) 117-118 CE

Bibliography: AE 1966.493; IGLS 16.1475; Henri Seyrig, “Antiquités syriennes,” Syria 42 (1965): 31-34; M. H. Gracey, “The Roman Army in Syria, Judaea and Arabia” (D.Phil. thesis, Oxford University, 1981), 244; Maurice Sartre, “Brigands, colons et pouvoirs en Syrie du Sud au Ier siècle de notre ère,” Anabases 13 (2011): 207-245.