§36 Soldier of Legio X Fretensis

Soldier of Legio X Fretensis

(0036) Text: ἐπὶ ὑπά[των …] | Στατειλίου Σεο[υήρου … Πανέ-] | μου ὀγδόῃ κ[αὶ δεκάτῃ …] | Ἱεροσολυμ[…] | αυουαια[…] | Ὀρεινῆς προ[ς …] | λεγεῶνος δ[εκάτης Φρετηνσίας …] | νιου Σατορν[είνου … χαί-] | ρειν. ὁμολο[γῶ ἔχειν καὶ ὀφείλειν ἐν δάνει] | σοι ἀργυρίου Τ[υ]ρί[ου δηνάρια πεντήκοντα] | οἵ εἰσιν στατῆρες δεκ[α]δύω καὶ δηνάρια δύω, ἃ | καὶ ἀπέσχον καὶ ἠρίθμημε· ὃ ἀργύριον ἀποδώσω | τῇ πρὸ μιᾶς καλανδῶν Σεπτεμβρίων πρώτων ταῖς | ἔνγιστα κατὰ μηδὲν ἀντιλέγων. ἐὰν δὲ μὴ ἀποδῶ | τῇ ὡρισμέν[ῃ] προθεσμίᾳ, τελέσω σοι τὸν ἐγ διατάγ- | ματος τόκ[ον] μέχρι οὗ ἂν ἀποδῶ ἢ εἰσπραχθῶ τὸ | πᾶν δά[νει]ον ἐκ πλήρους, τῆ[ς] πράξεώς σοι οὔσης | καὶ ἄλ[λῳ π]αντὶ τῶν διά σου ἢ ὑπέρ σου κυρίως προ- | φερ[όντων τόδε τὸ χ]ειρόγραφον ἐκ τε ἐμοῦ καὶ ἐκ τ- | ῶν ὑ[παρχόντων μοι] π[ά]ντων καὶ ὧν ἂνἐπεικτή- | [σωμαι, … κ]υρίως τροπ[…] | […]ρου λόγου […] || κατα Φεγφε x ν’

Translation: At the highest […] Statilius Severus […] eighteenth of Panemos […] Jerusalem […] The mountainous land to […] legio X Fretensis […] Saturninus […] to greet. I understand to have and owe in loan to you fifty Tyrian silver denarii which measure twenty-two staters, which I both received and counted myself; which silver I will return before the first kalends of September to the nearest, with no disagreement. If I do not return it by the appointed day, I will pay to you the interest established by contract until I do, or forfeit the whole loan, entirely; the right of execution belongs to you, someone validly under your authority, or presenting this manuscript on your behalf, on me, on all my belongings, and on those I could acquire […] validly […] word […] || According to Phegphe, 50 denarii. (Trans. Christopher B. Zeichmann)

Provenience: Wadi Murabba’at, Judaea 8 July 115 CE

Commentary: This papyrus is a loan document involving a Roman legionary. Other loans are known between soldiers and civilians of the Judaean desert in the Babatha archives.

Bibliography: Mur114; Werner Eck and Hannah M. Cotton, “P.Murabba’at 114 und die Anwesenheit römischer Truppen in den Höhlen des Wadi Murabba’at nach dem Bar Kochba Aufstand,” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 138 (2002): 173-183.