§193 Titus Flavius Iuncus

Titus Flavius Iuncus

(0193) Text: Κοίντον Ῥώσκιον Μου- | ρήνα Κούελλον Πομ- | πήιον Φάλκωνα, πρεσ- | βευτὴν Σεβαστοῦ καὶ ἀν- | τιστράτηγον Λυκίας καὶ | Παμφυλίας καὶ Ιουδαίας καὶ | Μυσίας καὶ Βρεταννίας | καὶ πολλὰς ἄλλας ἡγεμονίας διατελέσαντα, Ἀσιας ἀνθύ- | πατον. ἐτείμησεν Φλαουι- | έων Νεαπολειτῶν Σαμαρέ- | ων ἡ βουλὴ καὶ ὁ δῆμος τὸν | σωτῆρα καὶ εὐεργέτην. Διὰ πρεσβευτῶν καὶ ἐπιμελητῶν | Φλαουίου Ἰούνκου καὶ | Οὐλπίου Πρόκλου.

Translation: Quintus Roscius Murena Coelius Pompeius Falco, Augustan legate and propraetor of Lycia and Pamphyia, Judaea, Moesia, Brittania, and governing many others, proconsul of Asia. The council and people of Flavia Neapolis of Samaria his safety and good works. Through the elders and curators Titus Flavius Iuncus and Ulpius Proclus. (Trans. Christopher B. Zeichmann)

Commentary: Titus Flavius Iuncus is the only equestrian officer known to have been born in Judaea. He hailed from Flavia Neapolis, likely the son of a post-War veteran colonist.  Another inscription honouring him is §192, which attest his role in other units associated with Judaea: cohors V Gemella c.R. is attested in diplomas of  Syria Palaestina starting 139 CE (with §211) and ala Gallorum veteranorum in diplomas of Judaea starting 86 CE (with §202). He likely spent ample time in his home province. Additional inscriptions honour Quintus Roscius Falco (governor of Judaea 106-108 CE) in §180 and §181.

Provenience: Ephesus, Asia (Efes, Turkey) 123-124 CE

Bibliography: AE 1972.577; Edward Dąbrowa, Legio X Fretensis: A Prosopographical Study of Its Officers (I – III c. A.D.), Historia Einzelschriften 66 (Stuttgart: Steiner, 1993), 36-38; Werner Eck, “Flavius Iuncus, Bürger von Flavia Neapolis, ein kaiserlicher Prokurator? Zur Integration der Führungsgeschichten der Provinz Iudaea ins römische Imperium,” Acta Classica 42 (1999): 67-75.