§204 Diploma Awarded in Judaea, Awarded to Honanaeus son of Zabdi

(0204) Provenience: findspot unknown

Awarded: Judaea 13 May 86

Granted: pediti Honaeno Zabdi f(ilio), Philadelphia; cohors I milliaria Sagittariorum

Ala: Vocontiorum

Cohortes: I Damascenorum Armeniaca, I milliaria Sagittariorum, III Callaecorum Bracaraugustanorum

Full Text: Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domitianus Augustus Germanicus pontifex maximus, tribunic(ia) potestat(e) V imp(erator) XII, censor perpetuus co(n)s(ul) XII p(ater) p(atriae). equitibus et peditibus qui militant in ala Vocontiorum et cohortibus tribus I Damascena Armenaica et I milliaria sagittariorum et III Callaecorum quae sunt in Iudaea sub Gn(aeo) Pompeio Longino qui quina et vicena stipendia meruerant. Quorum nomina subscripta sunt ipsis liberis posterisque eorum civitatem dedit et conubium cum uxoribu quas tunc habuissent cum est civitas iis data aut si qui caelibes essent cum iis quas postea duxissent dumtaxat singulis singulas. A(nte) d(iem) III idus Maias Sex(to) Octavio Frontone Ti(berio) Iulio Candido Mario Celso co(n)s(ulibus). cohort(is) I milliariae sagittariorum cui praest L(ucius) Pedusius Herennianus pediti Honaeao Zabdi f(ilio) Philadelph(ia). Descriptum et recognitum ex tabula aenea quae fixa est Romae in Capitolio post tropaea Germanici in tribunal quae sunt ad aedem Fidae p(opuli) R(omani). Q(uinti Muci Augustalis; G(ai) Sertori Proculi; M(arci) alpurni Iusti; G(ai) Iuli Heleni; M(arci) Septimi Longini; G(ai) Iuli Clementis; T(iti) Petroni Firmi.

Translation: [translation forthcoming]

Commentary: Roman Military Diploma. Philadelphia is that of the Decapolis. Werner Eck writes: “The name of the owner of the diploma, Honaenus, is a Latinised form of the Nabatean name Hnynw, known from Nabatean inscriptions; in Greek the name is Ὁναῖνος or Ὁνῆνος. The father’s name too, here in the form Zabdi, to be understood as a Latinised genitive form, is attested in the Nabatean area. ‘Zabd is a hypocoristic of the theophoric name meaning “gift of …”. It occurs in Nabataean in the forms zbd’, zbdw and zbdy. It does not seem to occur as simply zbd in Nabataean, though it does appear infrequently in Palmyrene, where however zbd’ is extremely common.”

Bibliography: AE 2010.1871; Werner Eck, “A Second Constitution for the Auxiliary Troops in Judaea in 86 AD,” Scripta Classica Israelica 29 (2010): 21-31.