§48 Legio X Fretensis for Hadrian

Legio X Fretensis for Hadrian

(0048) Text: [1st hand] Imp(eratori) Cae[sari divi Traiani] | Parthic(i) [f(ilio) divi Nerv]ae nep(oti) | Traiano [Hadri]ano August(o) | pont(ifici) ma[x(imo)] trib(unicia) pot(estate) XIIII | c[o(n)s(uli)] III p(atri) p(atriae) | l[eg(io) X F]reten[sis] [2nd hand] [Antoninia]na(e)

Translation: [1st hand] To the Imperator Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus, son of the deified Traianus Parthicus, grandson of the deified Nerva, high priest, invested with tribunician power for the 14th time, consul for the third time, father of the country. Dedicated by legio X Fretensis [2nd hand] Antoniniana.

Commentary: The appellation Antoniniana was given to the legion some time during the Antonine dynasty, but when and for what reasons remains unclear. The second hand must have added to the text decades later. This inscription is a rare instance where CIIP is a deficient resource, as a large portio of the inscription was discovered after the publication the relevant CIIP volume. Avner et al. should be consulted for further information.

Provenience: Jerusalem, Judaea 129-130 CE

Bibliography: CIIP 1.714; Rina Avner, Roie Greenwald, Avner Ecker and Hannah M. Cotton, “Special Announcement: A New-Old Monumental Inscription from Jerusalem Honoring Hadrian,” in New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and Its Region, Collected Papers, ed. Guy D. Stiebel, Orit Peleg-Barkat, Doron Ben-Ami and Yuval Gadot (Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority, 2014), 8:96-101*.